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State Winter Wheat Acres Up 30,000 from Last Year
Illinois Ag Connection - 08/13/2019

Corn: Planted area is estimated at 10.70 million acres, down 3 percent from last year. Harvested area, forecast at 10.45 million acres, is down 4 percent from 2018. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, the Illinois corn yield is forecast at 181 bushels per acre, down 29 bushels from 2018. Production is forecast at 1.89 billion bushels, down 17 percent from last year's production. If realized, this would be the lowest planted and harvested acreage since 1998.

Soybeans: Planted area is estimated at 10.0 million acres, down 7 percent from last year. Harvested area, forecast at 9.94 million acres, is down 8 percent from 2018. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, the Illinois soybean yield is forecast at 55 bushels per acre, down 10 bushels from 2018. Production is forecast at 547 million bushels, down 22 percent from 2018.

Winter wheat: Harvested area in 2019 is forecast at 590,000 acres, up 30,000 acres from the previous year. The winter wheat yield is forecast at 65 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from 2018. Production is forecast at 38.4 million bushels, up 4 percent from last year.

Survey respondents who reported acreage as not yet planted for corn, cotton, sorghum, and soybeans in fourteen States for the Acreage report, released June 28, 2019, were re-contacted in July. Excessive rainfall had led to planting delays and challenges at the time of the survey, leaving a portion of acres still to be planted for corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; cotton in Arkansas; sorghum in Kansas; and soybeans in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

When planting delays occur NASS has established procedures and processes in place to re-contact respondents. In addition to the updated survey information, NASS considered Farm Service Agency (FSA) certified acreage information as well as satellite-based indications of acreage to update planted and harvested acreage estimates for this report.

NASS estimates of planted area are always larger than the certified acres reported by FSA because of definitional differences and the fact that some producers do not participate in USDA programs and therefore do not report their acreage to FSA. It is also important to note that data are reported to FSA over an extended period of time, with varying due dates across the country, and is historically incomplete in early August. NASS has carefully analyzed these data for many years and has determined they normally don't become nearly complete until September for cotton and October for corn, soybeans, and sorghum. A detailed description of how NASS incorporates the FSA certified acreage information into the estimating process can be found at www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Understanding_Statistics/FSA_Acreage.pdf.

Based on all of the data sources described above, planted and harvested area estimates for corn, soybeans, cotton, and sorghum were updated and included in this report. All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

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